Angela Merkel: A Retrospective

By Hans-Georg Betz

Americans like to rate their presidents. In fact, presidential rankings have become something of a cottage industry in political science, ever since the eminent Harvard historian Arthur Schlesinger Sr. started the tradition in the late 1940s. In Germany, we don’t do that, at least not in a formal way. We do have, however, a sense of who was a good chancellor and who wasn’t, and...

Joe Biden’s Inaugural History Lessons

By Peter Isackson

In his inaugural address, President Joe Biden endlessly insisted on the idea of “unity.” He repeated the word nine times. In the various media’s account of the event, commentators endlessly repeated a different word, one that Biden himself cited when he said: “This is our historic moment of crisis and challenge, and unity is the path forward.” Today’s Daily Devil’s Dictionary definition: Historic: 1. An...

Editor's Picks

Donald Trump Proves That It’s the System, Stupid

Donald Trump Proves That It’s the System, Stupid

By Mauktik Kulkarni

“It’s the economy, stupid,” a catchphrase coined in the 1990s by American political strategist James Carville, made George H. W. Bush — who won the First Gulf War for Americans — a one-term president, catapulting Bill Clinton into the White House. As Donald Trump’s one-term presidency winds down with an...


FO° Talks: The Electrification of Everything

Is Another 9/11 Inevitable?

How Israel Factors into the Armenia-Azerbaijan Conflict

What’s “Natural” on the Galapagos Islands?

Sudan’s Ties With Counterrevolutionary Gulf States

Is Modi’s “Make In India” Initiative Working?

Will Saudi Arabia Normalize Relations With Israel?

Not All Arab States Will Normalize Ties With Israel

100 Years of Women and the Vote

FO Live: US Election Special

The Interview

At the time of independence from British rule in 1947, India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, adopted a mode of governance that came to be known as Nehruvian socialism. State control of industrial production and government interference in all spheres of life came to define this era and, indeed, the entire Indian political and intellectual landscape. Social mobility became virtually impossible...

By Vikram Zutshi & Jaitirth Rao