For months, analysts have warned that highest risk for the spread of the novel coronavirus, known as SARS-CoV2. Now, that forecast is turning quickly into a grim reality. authorities have confirmed over 2,100 cases of COVID-19 — the disease caused by the — but it is believed there are thousands of undetected infections due to a limited testing capacity.is one of many countries at the
East Africa Faces a Cascade of Crises
million people already in need of assistance., which is already beset by a series of natural and manmade calamities, is now bracing itself for the worst. A series of factors explain why humanitarians are so concerned about the impact of the global on the country’s highly vulnerable population, including around 5.2
First, according to RAND, is the most vulnerable country in the world for infectious diseases. Indeed, the country is already in the midst of a cholera outbreak. While the worldwide standard is around 25 health care workers per 100,000 people, has only 2 at this same ratio. There is only one hospital in the entire country capable of treating coronavirus patients.
In according to The Guardian. Despite efforts to contain the virus, support medical workers and increase humanitarian coordination, the country’s health care system remains underequipped to combat a national epidemic and it needs external support., 79 people — the most in East Africa — are confirmed to have died from COVID-19. Yet the total death toll is likely to be significantly higher,
Second, 4.8 million food-insecure people. Around 2.1 million face acute food insecurity, while 1.1 million children under age 5 are acutely malnourished. Conflict is the principal driver in the world of food insecurity, but extreme weather events also contribute to ’s food crisis. Ongoing droughts in central and northern have left about 162,000 people displaced, while southern and central has been experiencing extreme flooding during the rainy season.is home to
Meanwhile, a locust crisis is accelerating regional food insecurity across East Africa and parts of the Middle East. Further complicating the humanitarian response, flight cancellations also mean that shipping costs of required equipment have increased by about 300%. The response to the COVID-19 crisis in is creating difficulty to address the driving factors of food insecurity and provide humanitarian assistance to those affected.
Third, central . Al-Shabab has exploited the virus for political gains by claiming that it was spread “by the crusader forces who have invaded the country and the disbelieving countries that support them.”’s civil war, which broke out in 1991, has created insecurity throughout the country. Limits on the movement of critical resources and the weakening of government influence complicate efforts to prevent an outbreak of the in a conflict zone. Instability has allowed al-Shabab, a militant group, to maintain control of parts of southern and
Humanitarian organizations have difficulty accessing areas that al-Shabab controls, which is becoming more critical as the public health crisis continues. Limits on the delivery of aid, a lack of preventive measures to stop the spread of the, and the dissemination of false information about COVID-19 will only heighten vulnerabilities for populations living under their control.
Fourth, the Somali government has been unable or unwilling to undertake an effective campaign to inform the public of the steps that need to be taken to contain and mitigate the spread of the virus. According to a survey by Save the Children, many residents, internally displaced people (IDPs) and other displaced populations were aware of the , but a “significant number” did not have enough knowledge to take collective action against the spread of it. ’s health care capacity is nearly nonexistent, so preventative measures are critical to enforce through the dissemination of public information.
Fifth, displaced communities and others in need of humanitarian assistance have many of the factors that put them at risk of contracting COVID-19. An estimated 2.6 million IDPs live in , with over 200,000 of them being newly displaced in 2020 alone. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) confirmed the first case of infection in an IDP camp on March 17. These camps are at risk of the virus spreading due to the high-density population and difficulties in social distancing. These environments are best served by surveillance programs and widespread testing, along with a capacity to isolate those who may have been infected — all of which are in short supply in .
Somalia Is at Risk
All of these factors combined lead experts to warn that could quickly become one of the worst-affected regions in the world if the spread of the cannot be prevented or contained. However, the Somali government cannot do so alone. First, it needs help, especially when it comes to key humanitarian programs to give vulnerable populations access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). Such interventions are essential elements of an effective response to the . Second, its health care facilities and hospitals need support to increase the ability to test people for the virus and trace who those infected came into contact with, especially in IDP camps. There is also a pressing need for personal protective equipment (PPE) and training for health workers. Yet only 13.6% of the UN COVID-19 Global Humanitarian Response Plan for has been funded.
Donors must step up to givea fighting chance in the face of the pandemic. A global health crisis requires a truly global response, one that does not leave some of Africa’s most vulnerable populations behind.
The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Fair Observer’s editorial policy.
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