Since early June, an estimated 15 to 26 million people across the United States have participated in protests against the death of George Floyd and the persistence of systematic racism in America. Recent trends have shown that support for the (BLM) movement — more than 67% — has doubled since 2016. Moreover, a majority of Americans favor working directly with black Americans to solve local issues.
Morocco Pays a High Price for Tourism Gentrification
As the US aims to improve race relations, black culture andhave become more than just an expression of the black community, but something that is inherently all-American. The BLM movement has highlighted the need for change in the US, and it may be helpful to consider the methods of . In , cultural protection is tied to development, limiting socioeconomic divides and welcoming diversity.
A Model for the World
There is a word for theideal of — a term borrowed from the Spanish — known as convivencia (coexistence). Originally a reference to the relative harmony among Christians, Muslims and living in Islamic Iberia ( ) during the Middle Ages, it now represents the shared history, culture and of ’s diverse and a guide for modern .
has roots in the time of antiquity. merchants came to Africa around 500 BC, likely to take part in the riches of the Carthaginian gold market. Before the Arab conquest, several native ( ) tribes converted to , one of which, located near Sefrou, survived long into the 11th century.
In 1948, about 265,000 Jews lived in the French and Spanish protectorates of more than 40%., although the numbers soon began to decrease as many emigrated to newly-formed Israel. Those who remained resided mostly in small towns and villages, throughout the country, limiting their access to educational institutions and health care. The illiteracy rate for some was
When rioting in 1948, many Jews believed they had no future in a country where they felt they were unwelcome. However, despite these setbacks, has and continues to be protective of its as a model for inclusion.gained independence in 1956, after rising hostilities and anti-
The 2011 amendment to the regularized 24,000 migrants, beginning the first phase of a human-rights approach to migration and strengthening support of ’s African heritage.redefined Moroccan national identity, establishing difference — Arab, Muslim, Jewish, , Andalusian, African, Mediterranean — as a facet of Moroccan identity. It also made , which is spoken by native , roughly one-third of the , an official language. And two years later, ’s new migration policy
In combination with’s municipal charter — requiring participatory methods in community planning and thus involving minority voices — and the country’s stance within the UN Alliance of Civilizations (which ties to development), this solidified a tradition of preservation. This was a result of efforts by the late King Mohammed V and King Hassan II as well as the current monarch, King Mohammed VI.
The Role of Society
Mellah of Marrakesh — a Jewish quarter whose traditional name was reinstated in 2017 — have restored streets and town squares, creating a safe, clean space for its inhabitants.’s preservation of cultural heritage has led to greater community development and reduced poverty in neglected minority areas. Cultural preservation projects, funded by the ministry of culture in the
The House of Life project, initiated in 2010 by the chief rabbinate of and the ministry of interior, permits the restoration of 167 mausoleums and cemeteries in 14 different regions within . This has led to the development of pilgrimage destinations such as Ouezzane Cemetery in northern , where of descent who emigrated to Israel return to visit.
On lands surrounding these protected cemeteries, the High Atlas Foundation, a developmental organization in, creates nurseries for medicinal and fruit trees. These are then given to farmers as a way to diversify local produce and improve local economies, promoting both and community development.
These projects are made possible through participatory methods, where members of the communities they serve decide which resources are most in need, a method that could be useful in underrepresented American neighborhoods. Promoting black art, culture and history gives recognition and provides a basis for the rest of the country to learn about differences.
“I always advocate for education,” says Laziza Dalil, a guest speaker on a series of-cross-cultural lectures hosted by the Kivunim Institute. “[Education] is a building bridge. It causes people to deal with in a more positive way,” she adds. Dalil is also the vice president of the Association Mimouna, a organization run by Muslim university students in the promotion of culture and tradition.
While thecase is not identical to the US, the development and support of a society, through cultural preservation and promotion of minority visibility, can serve as a guide for NGOs and policymakers in America working to combat systemic racism. Such a plan may include funding the preservation of buildings and landscapes infused with black culture and history, supporting small museums or exhibitions on activism and achievement, and backing arts programs focused on and inclusion.
The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Fair Observer’s editorial policy.
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