On August 15,militants entered the outskirts of , the capital of Afghanistan. It was the worst thing that could have happened to former employees of foreign institutions, women and civil rights defenders, religious and ethnic minorities, local journalists and even ordinary people.
Now, with the final withdrawal of US and NATO forces, nearly 38 millionhave been handed over to a group that has conducted suicide attacks, oppressed women and massacred minorities.
Afghanistan: A Final Nail in the Coffin of American Foreign Policy
In a matter of weeks,have managed to dismantle an army built by the United States over the past two decades. Officially, the forces were at least four times the size of and had greater combat capabilities. This failure was unpredictable for the and anyone involved in Afghanistan. How is it possible for such a costly army to kneel before a relatively irregular terrorist group after receiving training from the world’s most powerful military?
Why Did the Afghan Army Kneel?
There are many possible reasons for this catastrophic defeat. This includes the lack of NATO air support for troops, low morale and faith in resisting , widespread corruption in the army and among politicians, illegal deals and mass desertions. Reports indicate that some brigades and corps of the army had not fought a war against in some provinces. This meant local forces who took up arms were on the front lines in key cities were without support from the army. Soldiers in the 209th Corps in Mazar-e-Sharif left their base without informing their allies. The local commanders in this strategic province later called the army’s withdrawal a betrayal and conspiracy.
Over the years, Munira Yousefzada, the former deputy defense minister. In an interview with BBC Persian, she claimed that decisions at all levels of the army were illegally taken from the Ministry of Defense and assigned to the office of Hamdullah Mohib, the national security adviser. These included critical decisions over war, intelligence, the appointment of officials, training and personnel matters. Therefore, “the Ministry of Defense had no role in the war,” she said, “and all commanders, from district commanders to commanders of corps, had to be close to Hamadullah Mohib.”’s defense and security institutions have become increasingly corrupt and inefficient due to the interference of politicians. This is according to
An “Unpatriotic” Fugitive
In an interview with Afghanistan International, General Yasin Zia, the head of the joint chiefs of staff in the government, said that Ghani had betrayed the soldiers by making wrong decisions and fleeing the country during a war. Mohammad Mohaqiq, the former security adviser, also told the broadcaster that the president was the main culprit in the defeat of ANDSF. For the past seven years, Mohaqiq said, Ghani was overwhelmed by the illusion of power, made wrong decisions and, upon witnessing fighters reaching , fled the country with $169 million in cash.
Ghani’s presidency will be remembered as one of the worst points in suspicious acts against national interests. His political opponents have long considered him as one of the biggest obstacles to peace.history. Thanks to his mismanagement and the crimes that took place during his rule, have accused Ghani of committing
In particular, the president did not back down when US politicians, almost all members of the scathing letter to Ghani, saying the threats are too high and that a UN-led peace agreement with should be signed. If this was not done, Blinken warned, the security situation in Afghanistan would spiral out of control. Shortly thereafter, several high-level US delegations, including Defense Secretary Lloyd J. Austin III, visited Afghanistan to speak to Ghani about reaching an agreement with . The warnings went unheeded.High Peace Council and even leaders gathered in Qatar and called for an interim government. In early March, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken wrote a
Can the Taliban be Trusted?
Since seizing power,have announced a general amnesty for all people in Afghanistan, including employees of foreign institutions. According to this, everyone has immunity. As per leaders, women can return to work by observing Islamic law. Media outlets can also operate freely, as long as they follow Islamic principles. Nevertheless, it cannot simply be concluded that are trustworthy. In the coming weeks, it will become clearer if they are tolerant toward women, minorities and activists.
In 1996, announced an amnesty as they entered and took control of Afghanistan; they ruled the country until the US-led invasion in 2001. Yet soon after, launched a retaliatory campaign. The worst crimes against humanity took place during the Taliban’s rule. In August 1998, thousands of Hazaras, an minority, were massacred in Mazar-e-Sharif. Pakistani writer Ahmed Rashid described the killing as “genocidal in its ferocity.”
leaders who have appeared in the media portray a more moderate regime. They speak of forming an inclusive government, tolerance toward minorities and respecting women’s rights. But this is far from the reality.
core ideology. Their fighters follow extremist thought, such as the Deobandi school and jihadi Salafism, one of the most basic principles of which is intolerance toward other Islamic sects. There have been reports of jihadists from Pakistan and other countries fighting alongside . According to the United Nations, there are between 8,000 and 10,000 foreign fighters in Afghanistan who are either affiliated with , al-Qaeda or the Islamic State in Khurasan Province (IS-KP).militants are still committed to the group’s
Afghans Are Left at the Mercy of the Taliban
odds with human dignity and civil rights. In particular, the Taliban’s definition of women’s rights and freedom does not apply to society.have so far worked closely with terrorist groups operating in Central Asia and South Asia. Needless to say, this cooperation is likely to continue in the future. The Taliban’s view of religious principles is at
The group’s fighters have no faith in democracy and elections, and they are suspicious of women and minorities. believe that “women are mindless in general knowledge and religion.”leaders try to portray the group as tolerant in the media and talk about women’s rights to gain international support. In practice, their fighters on the ground
do not have a development-oriented mindset. They do not have a plan or even skilled followers to govern, and they certainly cannot manage the country’s shattered economy. A government would presumably be accompanied by widespread opium cultivation, drug trafficking and human rights violations.
The theory that targeted house-to-house inspections searching for who worked with US and NATO forces. There are also reports indicating that people, despite a general amnesty, have been arbitrarily persecuted publicly. Four former commanders and a relative of a Deutsche Welle journalist have reportedly been killed by fighters.have changed is just an illusion. have already begun
destroyed a statue of Abdul Ali Mazari, a Hazara religious and national leader, in Bamiyan province where demolished two 1,600-year-old Buddha statues in 2001. According to Amnesty International, brutally massacred nine Hazaras in July this year after seizing the rural village of Mundarakht in the Malistan district of Ghazni province. Six of them were allegedly shot dead and three were tortured to death by fighters.have not treated ethnic and religious minorities well either. Just one night after their takeover, the Taliban’s unbridled fighters
have no suitable personnel and capacity to run a country, and their only means of maintaining power is carrying out large-scale violence and ruling through fear. Under , media will be censored and civilians will be forced to live like people in the dark ages. With taking power, poverty, violence and organized repression will rage in the country. During their rule, civil rights advocates have no chance of survival.
have been left defenseless and helpless at the mercy of one of the world’s most notorious terrorist groups.
The views expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect Fair Observer’s editorial policy.
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