Valerio Alfonso Bruno

Valerio Alfonso Bruno is senior fellow at the Centre for Analysis of the Radical Right (CARR), where he is deputy head of the Populism Research Unit and fellow at the Center for European Futures. Bruno cooperates with the Advanced School of Economics and International Relations at the Catholic University of Milan and the Observatoire de la Finance in Geneva. His online analyses have appeared on Al Jazeera, openDemocracy, Social Europe and LSE EUROPP. Bruno is currently working on a monograph on the populist radical right in Italy between 2018 and 2020, coauthored with J.F. Downes and A. Scopelliti, for Ibidem-Verlag/Columbia University Press.
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Does Italy’s Center-Right Coalition Have a Political Future?

According to polling from July, the Italian far right — or the destra sovranista (sovereign right), as it prefers to be labeled — would account for at least 40% of electoral preferences. The broader center-right coalition would attract around 48%, with Matteo Salvini’s League taking 20,5%, Giorgia Meloni’s Brothers of Italy (FdI) 20,1 % and Forza Italia 7,6%. A scenario where two... Continue Reading

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The Italian Far Right’s Long-Term Investment

When the government led by Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte was unable to find eleven lawmakers willing to join its ranks in the house of representatives in order to keep his ruling majority, President Sergio Mattarella decided to offer the former president of the European Central Bank, Mario Draghi, the possibility to try to form a new governo tecnico. Italy’s last technical government was led... Continue Reading

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Is China the New Champion of Globalization?

On January 25, addressing a virtual World Economic Forum, China’s President Xi Jinping not only strongly advocated for a multilateral approach to the COVID-19 pandemic but insisted on the virtues and systemic benefits of free trade and globalization. Jeopardizing those elements may introduce conflict into the international system, Xi warned, clearly referring to, although not mentioning, the... Continue Reading

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How Do You Tell an Authoritarian From a Fascist These Days?

Recent developments in global politics, such as Donald Trump’s reelection campaign or the rise of illiberal democracies across Central and Eastern Europe, have arguably led to a misinterpretation of what many refer to as a “return of fascism.” Although authoritarian populism shares numerous similarities with fascism, these two ideologies differ markedly, both in terms of their ideological... Continue Reading

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What the US Election Means for the Liberal World Order

In 1992, Francis Fukuyama published his controversial best-seller, “The End of History and the Last Man,” arguing that liberal democracy is the final form of government for all nations. Almost three decades later, G. John Ikenberry, one of the most influential theorists of liberal internationalism today, in “A World Safe for Democracy” suggests that the liberal world order, if reformed... Continue Reading

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How Mismanaging a Pandemic Can Cost Countries Their Soft Power

The term soft power was coined by Joseph Nye in the late 1980s as a country's ability to influence others without the use of force. Soft power is established in culture and grounded in history, unlike hard power, which is based on coercion and the use of military and economic means. Soft power and hard power can go hand in hand. The United States, for example, has for a long time demonstrated... Continue Reading

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Three Scenarios for a Post-Coronavirus World

As the COVID-19 crisis is gradually slowing down, the world is bracing itself for a very likely second wave of the pandemic. While the shortcomings of the global response and the preparedness of individual countries will be open for debate and analysis for a long time to come, attempting to forecast what architecture the international system will assume after the immediate health crisis is over... Continue Reading

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COVID-19: What Italy and the US Are Doing Wrong

With the COVID-19 outbreak unfolding worldwide, with around 35,000 cases confirmed outside China to date, it is possible to attempt a preliminary analysis of the politics of coronavirus and the efficiency of policies adopted by national governments and international bodies. Unfortunately, the measures seen so far have not always displayed the degree of leadership, responsiveness and... Continue Reading

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Europe’s Radical Right Can Help Johnson Get Momentum on Brexit Deal

This week, the delegations of the European Union and the United Kingdom started the institutional meetings concerning the Brexit deal negotiations. The transition period during which the two sides may possibly find an agreement on a variety of issues — almost everything from trade to migration — and avoid a no-deal Brexit is set to the end on December 31, 2020. A few days ago, British... Continue Reading

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Coronavirus Outbreak Exacerbates Italy’s Political Divisions

On February 21, Italy woke up to reports of the country’s first case of COVID-19: a 38- year-old manager from Codogno, a small town located roughly 55 kilometers southeast of Milan. Six days later, the cases of the new coronavirus that originated in Wuhan, in China’s Hubei province in December last year, are up to 528, with 14 dead, making Italy's the third-largest outbreak outside China and... Continue Reading

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