India Must Back Afghans Fighting the Taliban

September 14, 2021

Kabul has fallen again to the Taliban. Surprisingly, so has the Panjshir Valley where the legendary Ahmad Shah Massoud defied both the Soviets and the Taliban. Even more surprisingly, India has stayed silent so far. It was in 1996 that the Taliban took over Kabul the last time around. Following...

The Challenge With Jinnah’s Vision for Pakistan

August 28, 2020

Dr. Ishtiaq Ahmed joins FO Talks by Fair Observer to present his controversial thoughts on Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.

Why Punjabis in Pakistan Have Abandoned Punjabi

July 14, 2020

When Pakistan was formed in 1947, it included two parts: West and East Pakistan. These two parts of the country were approximately 1,600 kilometers apart. Between them was India. The two parts of Pakistan were divided by more than distance. The biggest linguistic group in East Pakistan were...

15 Facts About the Kashmir Conflict

September 06, 2019

Fact 1: The June 3, 1947, partition plan announced by the British government and its 1947 Indian Independence Act pertained only to the directly-administered British provinces and other territories. Note that there were 565 princely states that covered 40% of the area of pre-independent India...

Kashmir Explained: Why India and Pakistan Fight Over It

August 27, 2019

Tensions are rising in South Asia after India ended the special status for Jammu and Kashmir by revoking Article 370. Lockdown continues in the Indian state as key leaders are in custody, communications are blocked and thousands of troops patrol the streets. Across the border, Pakistani Prime...

Blasphemy Laws: Sacrilege in God’s Name

May 07, 2019

Blasphemy laws create religious extremism, repress the people, bind the hands of government and paralyze the country at will. On February 25, 2018, Rome's ancient Colosseum was lit in red to condemn Asia Noreen’s death sentence. Commonly known as Asia Bibi, Noreen is a Christian woman in...

Nuclear Powers Need to Disarm Before It’s Too Late

March 12, 2019

The world’s major nuclear powers are treaty-bound to move toward disarmament. The India-Pakistan clash underscores the need to get moving. The recent military clash between India and Pakistan underscores the need for the major nuclear powers — the US, Russia, China, Britain and France —...

India and Pakistan Have a Choice to Make

March 06, 2019

India and Pakistan can either make peace or continue in an endless cycle of violence.  On February 14, a suicide bomber killed more than 40 paramilitary police in Indian-administered Kashmir. Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), a militant group based in Pakistan, claimed responsibility for the attack....

Identifying Global Terrorism Trends

December 19, 2016

What is behind the rise in terrorism across the globe? This November, the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) released the Global Terrorism Index 2016, the latest of its yearly reports laying out year-on-year statistical trends in worldwide terrorism. The report draws from a comprehensive...

Afghanistan’s Quest for Regional Cooperation

December 08, 2016

Afghanistan’s regional policy is not constructed around local rivalries. On December 4, the Sixth Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process was held in Amritsar, India. The Heart of Asia process was launched in 2011 as a new and complementary framework for enhancing...

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