Bangladesh Celebrates 50 Years of Independence

March 25, 2021

On March 26, Bangladesh will be celebrating the golden jubilee of its freedom. Few outside South Asia remember that Bangladesh was once part of Pakistan. From 1947 to 1971, modern-day Pakistan was West Pakistan and Bangladesh was East Pakistan. They were both incongruously part of the same new...

Pakistan’s New “Geoeconomics” Lawfare

March 09, 2021

Of late, statements from the highest level in Pakistan’s government have urged the global community to build a relationship with the country centered around “geoeconomic security.”  The new policy posture is aimed at the Biden administration, but it appears in equal proportion in...

The Challenge With Jinnah’s Vision for Pakistan

August 28, 2020

Dr. Ishtiaq Ahmed joins FO Talks by Fair Observer to present his controversial thoughts on Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan.

The Partition of British India into India and Pakistan

The independence of India from the British Empire in 1947 prompted a wave of decolonization. Yet alongside this victory came the tragedies of partition.

Why Punjabis in Pakistan Have Abandoned Punjabi

July 14, 2020

When Pakistan was formed in 1947, it included two parts: West and East Pakistan. These two parts of the country were approximately 1,600 kilometers apart. Between them was India. The two parts of Pakistan were divided by more than distance. The biggest linguistic group in East Pakistan were...

15 Facts About the Kashmir Conflict

September 06, 2019

Fact 1: The June 3, 1947, partition plan announced by the British government and its 1947 Indian Independence Act pertained only to the directly-administered British provinces and other territories. Note that there were 565 princely states that covered 40% of the area of pre-independent India...

Kashmir Explained: Why India and Pakistan Fight Over It

August 27, 2019

Tensions are rising in South Asia after India ended the special status for Jammu and Kashmir by revoking Article 370. Lockdown continues in the Indian state as key leaders are in custody, communications are blocked and thousands of troops patrol the streets. Across the border, Pakistani Prime...

What Lies Behind India’s Bold Bet on Kashmir?

August 10, 2019

On August 5, the press around the world noted that India had ended special status for Jammu and Kashmir. The media in the Muslim world such as Dawn and Al Jazeera shone the light only on Kashmir. So did the BBC and The New York Times. This is understandable. Given that India and Pakistan are both...

India Must Be Included in the Afghan Peace Process

August 07, 2019

Despite being a key contributor to rebuilding Afghanistan, India was elbowed out from the four-party meeting held in Beijing in July to advance the Afghan peace process. Earlier talks with the Taliban in Doha and Moscow already hinted at the sidelining of New Delhi from future peacebuilding...

The World’s Most Dangerous Divide

March 14, 2019

Kashmir is the only place in the world where three nuclear powers have a border dispute. In the beautiful and terrifying novel The City of Devi, communal hatreds escalate in India and Pakistan until the two countries feel compelled to threaten each other with nuclear weapons. At least, it...

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