How many are there? While Thai authorities officially recognize 1.5 million Burmese migrants, local NGOs estimate the number to be over 3 million.
Found mostly in agriculture, construction, the fishing industry, garment factories, food processing factories and domestic service, these Burmese migrants constitute around 80% of the migrant population of Thailand and 10% of the total workforce of the country.
Although in jobs they are confined to the “3Ds” — difficult, dirty, and dangerous — their contribution to the Thai economy is important. Minimum wages are rarely given, yet frequent overtime and no social services, or proper insurance, are common.
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