Mahmoud Ayad

Mahmoud Ayad has a Masters in Politics, Economics and Philosophy (M.Sc.) from the University of Hamburg. He has several years of experience in Iranian and Middle Eastern politics. He serves as an analyst and writer for Irananders, a German Internet think-tank about Iranian politics.

The Renaissance of a 120-Year-Old Fatwa

Feb 20, 2013

In its quest to weather the sanctions imposed against it, the Islamic Republic of Iran has resorted to political, economic and — most interestingly — socio-religious instruments. For a long time, Iran's reaction to Western sanctions was to downplay their effects on the Iranian economy. The official tone was that...

What Iran Really Thinks

May 04, 2012

In a response to Iran Observer, a previous contributor to Fair Observer, Shayan Arkian and Mahmoud Ayad argue to dispel notions of pure idealism, religiosity, and military/nuclear ambitions in Iran.

The Arab Spring: Has Iran Passed its Peak of Power in the Middle East?

Jan 22, 2012

An analysis of the events in the Arab world should take the Iranian perspective into account, argues Mahmoud Ayad The Islamic Republic's environment is rumbling. The upheaval in the Arab neighborhood, introducing the “Arab Spring” and shaking countries from North Africa to the Persian Gulf, has been “springing” for more...