Pax Romana, a Fascist Peace

July 09, 2021

During World War I, Benito Mussolini ultimately became a strong interventionist, which caused his split from Italy’s Socialist Party. He believed that only participating in a war would trigger a successful revolution at home and create the “new man.” War, however, should also establish a new...

Charismatic Leadership and the Far Right

April 26, 2021

Horia Sima, a central figure within the interwar Romanian fascist organization the Iron Guard, once described his leader, Corneliu Codreanu, as follows: “What was most impressive, on first contact with Codreanu, was his physical appearance. Nobody could pass him by without noticing him,...

The New Man in Fascism Past and Present

March 05, 2020

“The trenchocracy is the aristocracy of the trenches,” declared Benito Mussolini on the pages of Il Popolo d’Italia in December 1917. Reflecting on the new type of man emerging from the war, he went on: “What an immense moral force is contained in the patriotic spirit of those who come...

Have We Seen the Eternal Return of Fascism?

December 23, 2019

Björn Höcke is public enemy number one in present-day Germany. At least that’s what German media suggest. Höcke is a leading exponent of the “völkisch” wing of Alternative for Germany (AfD), the country’s radical right-wing populist party. And Höcke is a fascist....

The Legacy of Italian Fascism: Not Coming to Terms with the Past

March 30, 2018

Italy's myths about fascism are not just widespread, but dangerously wrong. Forlì is an ordinary kind of town, well off the tourist track, in the Emilia-Romagna region of northeast Italy. Its streets are quiet, and it boasts few of the architectural gems that characterize Italian cities. It is...

Ezra Pound: Modernist Politics and Fascist Propaganda

November 02, 2013

The famous poet’s years at the service of fascism. Perhaps modernism’s most recognizable American poet, Ezra Pound, became a leading propagandist for fascism – both during WWII and since. Given the shining poetic achievements of Robert Frost, H.D., William Carlos Williams,...