The Ripple Effect: 9/11’s Profound Impact on the Middle East

9/11 reshaped the Middle East and American policy, leaving a lasting impact on geopolitics and security.

9/11: Deadliest foreign attack on US soil, 2,977 lives lost. Bush's strong response, but flawed, lessons in policy needed.

Post-9/11, the US initiated a global "War on Terror" with Afghanistan and Iraq as primary theaters, facing challenges.

US invasion in Iraq, driven by WMD claims, unleashed instability and sectarian strife with lasting repercussions.

9/11 led to Middle East extremist rise in Afghanistan and Iraq, posing global security risks.

Iran capitalized on Iraq's Shiite majority, strained US relations, and played a role in regional conflicts and nuclear pursuits.

US sought international support for counterterrorism but faced trust issues due to perceived unilateralism in Iraq.

US formed coalitions but dominated military actions, leading to the perception of coalitions in name only.