Iran’s Mahsa Revolution One Year On

Image Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Iranians revolted as Jina Amini's death sparked nationwide protests against the longstanding Islamist regime.

"Jin, Jiyan, Azadî" (Woman, Life, Freedom) slogan united thousands, caught Iran's regime off-guard.

A year after Amini's death and the uprising's start: Has Iran changed? Is the Islamist regime weaker or resurgent?

Diverse opposition to Islamist regime, divided into "progressive" and "reactionary" camps with varying motivations.

Iran's pro-democracy movements span liberal to socialist, uniting various social strata and marginalized minorities.

Pro-democracy seeks liberal democracy, diversity, and decentralized power, Pahlavists advocate authoritarian rule in Iran.

Shah's undemocratic rule, Western-backed, tight control, oil wealth, modernization, and 1979 Islamist revolution in Iran.

Shah's supporters fled to the U.S., led by Reza Pahlavi, shaping the overseas Persian-language media industry.