Democratic Survival: Venezuelan Triumph Leads the Way
By: Michelle Ellner
Chávez's elected government faced a 2002 coup for prioritizing the nation's interests and conflicting with US policy.
Roosevelt's 1904 Address laid groundwork for US intervention in Latin America, justifying hegemony and self-determination violations.
Venezuela's case in 2002 highlighted US imperialism. Chávez redefined democracy, asserted sovereignty over oil, and stabilized prices.
Chávez's foreign policy, including meetings with US adversaries and criticism of US actions, sparked Washington's opposition.
In April 2002, backed by the US, Venezuela's pro-Washington elite and military officials attempted to overthrow the elected government.
US perception of Venezuela shifted when Chávez came to power, revealing US involvement in the coup through leaked State Department cables.
On the eve of the coup, US Ambassador Shapiro expressed support for democracy while hinting at concerns about Chávez's leadership.
The aftermath included violence, arrests, and the installation of Pedro Carmona as President, following the Rooseveltian protocol.
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