Lega Nord (LN; literal translation: “North League”), whose complete name is Lega Nord per l’Indipendenza della Padania (“North League for the Independence of Padania”), is a regionalist political party in Italy. The party is often referred to as Northern League by English-language media and literature, while in Italy it is also referred to simply as Lega or Carroccio. Lega Nord was founded in 1991 as a federation of several regional parties of northern and central Italy, most of which had arisen in the 1980s (Lega Lombarda, Liga Veneta, Piemont Autonomista, Uniun Ligure, Lega Emiliano-Romagnola and Alleanza Toscana), plus the newly formed regional parties of the other northern regions. The party’s political programme advocates the transformation of Italy into a federal state, fiscal federalism and greater regional autonomy, especially for the northern regions. At times it has advocated secession of the North, which it calls Padania. Prior to the party’s adoption of the term, Padania was infrequently used to name the Padanian-Venetian Plain and was promoted since 1963 by sports journalist Gianni Brera as a modern name for Cisalpine Gaul. Lega Nord’s founder and former long-standing leader is Umberto Bossi, who was minister for Federal Reform in Berlusconi IV Cabinet. From 2012 to 2013, the party secretary was Roberto Maroni, President of Lombardy and former minister of the Interior, then in December 2013 Matteo Salvini became the new secretary after defeating Umberto Bossi in the leadership election. Leading members include Luca Zaia (President of Veneto), Roberto Cota, Flavio Tosi, Roberto Calderoli, Roberto Castelli, Francesco Speroni, Giancarlo Giorgetti, Massimo Bitonci, Lorenzo Fontana and Attilio Fontana. At the 2010 regional elections Lega Nord was the largest party in Veneto (where Zaia was elected President by a landslide 60.2% of the vote) and the third largest in Liguria; in the 2014 regional election was the second largest one in Emilia-Romagna.