Duce (, leader) is an Italian title, derived from the Latin word dux, and cognate with duke. National Fascist Party leader Benito Mussolini was identified by Fascists as Il Duce (“The Leader”) of the movement and it became a reference to the dictatorial position of Sua Eccellenza Benito Mussolini, Capo del Governo, Duce del Fascismo e Fondatore dell’Impero (“His Excellency Benito Mussolini, Head of Government, Duce of Fascism and Founder of the Empire”). It was established in 1925. Mussolini held together with this title that of “presidente del consiglio”: this was a constitutional position which entitled him to rule Italy on behalf of the King of Italy. Founder of the Empire was added for the exclusive use by Mussolini in recognition of his founding of an official legal entity of the Italian Empire on behalf of the King in 1936 following Italy’s victory in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War. The position was held by Mussolini until 1943, when he was removed from office by the King and the position of “Duce” was dismantled, while Presidente del Consiglio was appointed Marshal Pietro Badoglio. This position was the model which other fascist leaders adopted, such as the position of Führer by Adolf Hitler. In September 1943, Mussolini styled himself as the “Duce of the Italian Social Republic” ().