Iran and the “Frozen” Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

April 29, 2021

Sharing land borders with Azerbaijan and Armenia, Iran has vested interests in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Hamidreza Azizi, an Alexander von Humboldt fellow at the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, analyzes Tehran's perspective on the current situation.

Iran and the New Geopolitical Reality in Azerbaijan

April 01, 2021

Armenia and Azerbaijan’s six-week war for control of Nagorno-Karabakh came to an end with a Russia-brokered deal on November 10, 2020. However, the agreement, which Armenian, Azerbaijani and Russian leaders signed, has major implications for Iran.

Turkey Doubles Down on Hard Power

March 30, 2021

A few years ago, the very notion of Turkish foreign military interventions would have seemed extraordinary. The Turkish republic has been, for most of its history, determinedly introspective. Until the 20th century, it was largely disengaged from its immediate neighborhood, favoring ties with the...

Armenia and Azerbaijan Clash Again

July 17, 2020

The on-again, off-again conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the border region of Nagorno-Karabakh became hot again on the weekend of July 11. Skirmishes are common in the contested region, which is known as Artsakh to the Armenian side, but this recent round of deadly attacks is the most...