Pax Romana, a Fascist Peace

July 09, 2021

During World War I, Benito Mussolini ultimately became a strong interventionist, which caused his split from Italy’s Socialist Party. He believed that only participating in a war would trigger a successful revolution at home and create the “new man.” War, however, should also establish a new...

Charismatic Leadership and the Far Right

April 26, 2021

Horia Sima, a central figure within the interwar Romanian fascist organization the Iron Guard, once described his leader, Corneliu Codreanu, as follows: “What was most impressive, on first contact with Codreanu, was his physical appearance. Nobody could pass him by without noticing him,...

When All Your Friends Are Fascists

August 21, 2020

The playwright Eugene Ionesco spent most of his childhood in France but moved to Bucharest, Romania, as a teenager to study at the prestigious Saint Sava National College. Calling themselves the “young generation,” he and his friends cultivated a fertile intellectual circle, making a name for...

The New Man in Fascism Past and Present

March 05, 2020

“The trenchocracy is the aristocracy of the trenches,” declared Benito Mussolini on the pages of Il Popolo d’Italia in December 1917. Reflecting on the new type of man emerging from the war, he went on: “What an immense moral force is contained in the patriotic spirit of those who come...

Within the Romanian Orthodox Church, Strong Fascist Currents Still Exist

April 04, 2019

While the whole church does not support extreme right-wing platforms, ethnonationalism does have a long history in Romanian Orthodoxy. In a recent book evaluating the prospects for Romanian democracy, the prominent Austrian historian Oliver Jens Schmitt identified the Romanian Orthodox Church as...

How to Talk about Fascism

August 28, 2018

Madeleine Albright’s book is a valuable introduction to the state of contemporary politics and a handbook for how to be a better citizen.  “Some may view this book and its title as alarmist. Good,” writes former US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright in her new bestseller Fascism: A...

The Alt-Right Uses the Internet as a Weapon

November 21, 2017

The alt-right thrives off anonymity to spread its fascist, racist and misogynistic ideology, making it one of the most dangerous extremist movements America has ever seen. During the 2016 presidential election, a white nationalist movement known as the alt-right gained media attention. Since...

Practice and Practitioners of Holocaust Denial

May 14, 2015

Debating with Holocaust deniers may be pointless, but trying to understand their motives and arguments is not. Each year, I take a vote in my “The Third Reich, 1933-1945” module at Teesside University as to whether the subject of Holocaust denial should replace an existing lecture on the...

Why the Rise of Fascism is Again the Issue

February 27, 2015

In John Pilger’s latest article, he discusses Western foreign policy from Afghanistan to Ukraine and argues that fascism is the problem today. The recent 70th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz was a reminder of the great...

The Dark Side of the Ukraine Revolt

March 06, 2014

Ukraine’s ultra-right-wing Svoboda party is no fringe organization. "The April 6 rally in Cherskasy, a city 100 miles southeast of Kiev, turned violent after six men took off their jackets to reveal T-shirts emblazoned with the words 'Beat the Kikes' and 'Svoboda,' the...

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